Sunday, May 17, 2020
Consider the ancient imperative Ã¢â¬Å"know thyselfÃ¢â¬ . How can different ways of knowing help us as individuals and communities to achieve this goal? Shakespeare once said, Ã¢â¬Å"Life is but a stage and men merely players on it.Ã¢â¬ In order for us to become main characters on this stage, instead of mere extras, we must be able to truly identify who we are as individuals first. After this has been accomplished we can find out how we can benefit our society. When complete self-awareness, self-knowledge, self-confidence, and self-respect are reached, than you can truly Ã¢â¬Å"know thyself.Ã¢â¬ In all of the Natural Sciences, be it physics, chemistry, or biology, the physical world is dissected and analyzed. Using a language of their own, the Natural Sciences goÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦They are Identity Foreclosure, Identity Diffusion, Moratorium, and Identity Achievement. My sister has passed the Identity Foreclosure state where she accepts everything blindly and does not question her surroundings. She is now in the Identity Diffusion state in which she is still not looking for an identity for herself, yet she is beginning to question her surroundings. In this stage she has a complete lack of self-identity and no commitment to her personal goals. Most teenagers at our age, about 16 or 17, are in a state of Moratorium in which we still do not know who we are, but we are striving to create an identity for ourselves. This is reflected in the clothes we wear, the music we listen to, and the groups we tend to hang out with. The last stage, which many do not even reach, is the Identity Achievement stage, in which the person is happy with their share in life and is committed to their own values and goals. Henry Shaw once said, Ã¢â¬Å"It is not only the most difficult thing to know oneself, but the most inconvenient too.Ã¢â¬ Many people who lack a clear identity, and therefore feel insecure because of it, may turn to chat rooms or to gangs, where they can portray themselves as anything they want to be. Knowing thyself is extremely important to both the individual and society in general, for it causes the person to become more committed to their goals, and allows them to truly understand others. A society populated by individuals is much moreShow MoreRelatedThe Delphic Interest to Know Thyself613 Words Ã |Ã 2 PagesSocial therapists and different mortals are entranced by the Delphic interest to Know thyself. Really, it was not the prophet talking, however presumably a pedant sovereign who put these words on the front of the sanctuary of Apollo. He didnt ask that we run quick, get in shape, or win fights. He asked that we know ourselves. Why? What did he mind? Maybe the skeptic sovereign suspected that in the event that we knew ourselves, social order might be fit as a fiddle [which raises the inquiryRead MoreAnalysis Of Know Thyself 1499 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesKnow Thyself has always been seen as the fulcrum of the western philosophical tradition. Questions of subjectivity, the self and personal identity continue within the contemporary philosophical discourse to this day. It still remains a key factor connecting western and eastern philosophy and modern with ancient philosophy. When Sartre takes up the question in Transcendence of the Ego, it marks a fundamental shift in the western philosophical tradition. Beginning with Descartes, and continuing upRead MoreSocrates659 Words Ã |Ã 3 PagesSocrates Socrates was accused of many things in the Athens market. Socrates was accused of being a man who makes the worse argument into the stronger argument. A man who knows about the heavens and earth and therefore any one who believe this must not believe in the gods. Socrates was accused of being an atheist. Most of the people that followed him around his quest were inquisitive. Where as most adults would walk by Socrates with his Ã¢â¬Å"annoying questionÃ¢â¬ the youth stopped to see what heRead MoreThe Unexamined Life Is Not Worth Living Analysis1870 Words Ã |Ã 8 Pagescareer, or is it all of these things combined? Socrates, often thought of as the father of western philosophy, claimed that knowing oneÃ¢â¬â¢s self and living virtuously, is what makes life worth living. Ã¢â¬Å"the unexamined life is not worth livingÃ¢â¬ and Ã¢â¬Å"Know ThyselfÃ¢â¬ are both common quotes from Socrates, that help us define his concepts of psyche, and techne, and how these concepts form t ogether to explain virtue and his view of intellectualism or reason over ego. First, letÃ¢â¬â¢s look at the word virtue and seeRead MoreEssay about Know Thyself1335 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesÃ¢â¬Å"Know thyselfÃ¢â¬ Ã¢â¬â Socrates. Self-awareness is the act of being fully perceptive about oneÃ¢â¬â¢s innermost self; an essential part to oneÃ¢â¬â¢s life. However, this self-inquiry is not easily obtained. Ã¢â¬Å"Self-awareness and its accompanying egoism profoundly affect peoples lives, interfering with their success, damaging their relationships with other people, and undermining their happiness.Ã¢â¬ (Leary) OneÃ¢â¬â¢s self can become distorted through the influence of society and their beliefs. Ã¢â¬Å"Knowing others is wisdomRead MoreEQ is More Important than IQ1452 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesenabiling- or disabling thought itself. How we do in life is determined by both -It is not just IQ but EI that matters.Ã¢â¬ (p. 28) Much evidence testifies that people who are emotionally adapt, know and manage their own feelings well are at an advantage in any domain of life. For example people who know how to manage their emotions are people whom we like to be around with because their emotional skills make us feel good. There is growing evidence that fundamental ethical stance in life stem fromRead MoreSocrates : A Classical Greek Philosopher And The Father Of Western Thought752 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesIndividual Creative Paper Socrates was a classical Greek Philosopher and the father of Western thought. He was born in Athens Greece, in (c. 470-399 B.C.E.) (Archetypes of Wisdom, 95) Little is known about his life, but what we do know through the writings of his students, especially Plato, is that Socrates had a unique philosophy and charisma. Socrates was born to Sophroniscus a sculptor, and mother Phaenarete, a midwife. Because he was not from a royal family it is assumed that he most likelyRead MorePerseverance772 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesteachings, his word prepares us to face any and everything Satan has planned for our lives. No matter what the devil throws our way our persistence is key to showing the devil our God is an awesome God!! IITimothy 2:15 says 15Study to show thyself approved unto God, a workman that needeth not to be ashamed, rightly dividing the word of truth. When you have perseverance a deep commitment is shown ***Would you all agree that the Christian walk could be compared to a Triathlon, not a quickRead MoreWhy Socrates Were Alive Today?920 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesIf Socrates were alive today, how must he feel about the Delphic inscription of Ã¢â¬Å"Know thyselfÃ¢â¬ would still be a relevant question in which our society is still trying to answer in 21st Century living? In todayÃ¢â¬â¢s fast paced society, the individual can easily get dehumanized by their work, technology, family commitments and the political process. A person is easily swayed by public opinion and not be able to think for themselves in fear of retribution and conflict. Sometimes it is easier to go withRead MoreOedipus Victim Of Fate Essay876 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesstill wevers in fates power. Inscribed on the Temple of Delphi are the words, Ã¢â¬Å"Know thyself.Ã¢â¬ Can we ever really Ã¢â¬Å"know ourselvesÃ¢â¬ ? And if we can, do we want to know what weÃ¢â¬â¢ll find? Was OedipusÃ¢â¬â¢ quest for self-knowledge his downfall or his salvation? Explain. We are always pursuing self knowledge about yourself and humane(). Fully knowing ourselves brings the truths of human nature(). You can not truly know thyself due to facts about yourself you disregard and ignore(). His quest for self knowledge
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
The Monster study is speech impediment experiment that was done on the children that lived in the orphanage. This experiment was conducted to find out if stuttering was inherited or did environment play a key factor. Wendell Johnson was the speech pathologist that conducted this study to find the cause and cure for stuttering. This study violated a lot of ethical issues because the children were psychological harm, informed consent was not given and the subjects were deceived. Wendell Johnson had a biased opinion in this study because he was a stutter himself and was desperate for a cure. In this paper, I will discuss the background of this experiment and the violations of ethics that were done in this study. The Monster study began onÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦The ten participates that were target as stutters were divided into groups. Five were group IA the experimental set and group IB were the control set. Group IA was told that there speech was fine and they had no problem. The other group IB was told your Ã¢â¬Å"Yes, your speech is as bad as people say. The remaining twelve were ages 5-15 and was chosen randomly and they were separate into two groups of six. Group IIA were told that they were showing signs of stuttering and they must correct themselves immediately. In Group IIB, this was the control group and they were told that their speech was normal and was praised for their enunciation. The subjects in Group IIA sought a lawsuit against the University of Iowa because of their psychology harmed they received from this study. In this case study, there were a few incidents of violations of ethics. In 1998, Callahan recommends that researchers should follow the three ethical i ssues: Autonomy, beneficence, and human justice. Autonomy is the first ethical principle that a researcher should respect the participate and make sure that informed consent has been given. The participates of this study was not aware the risk or what the study was about and actually could not give consent legally because they were minors. Johnson and Tudor did not give full disclosure of this research to the minors, teachers, or matrons at the orphanage. Beneficence is the second ethical principle; the researcher should maximizeShow MoreRelatedMary Shelley s The Human Person1533 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesThrough the novel Frankenstein, Mary Shelley delves into ethical and deontological issues concerning the sciences and scientific research Ã¢â¬â themes that are actually still current in todayÃ¢â¬â¢s day. Mary Shelley exalts the human person, questioning many truths of the world and what it means to be human, along with all the implications that come with it. The novel also explore s the theme of nature versus nurture, keeping in mind the knowledge and concepts of the time period it was written in, while continuingRead MoreIssues and Intolerance of Sexual Minorities in Arizona1625 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesHardwick (Case 106 S. Ct. 1986), was that the Arizona Court of Appeals, citing Bowers, held that the state s sodomy law justified the blocking of a bisexual man from adopting an elementary-school child, because possible past, present, or future violations of the law made him a corrupt and immoral role model and more: It would be anomalous for the state on the one hand to declare homosexual conduct unlawful and on the other create a parent after that proscribed model, in effect proving that standardRead MoreHuman Cloning- Term Paper1576 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesbills in the United States are demanding for the prohibition of reproductive cloning since it has numerous medical and ethical disadvantages. The American Medical Association holds four points of reason why c loning should not take place. Ã They are: 1) there are unknown physical harms introduced by cloning, 2) unknown psychosocial harms introduced by cloning, including violations of autonomy and privacy, 3) impacts on familial and societal relations, and 4) potential effects on the human gene poolRead MoreHuman Cloning- Term Paper1562 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesbills in the United States are demanding for the prohibition of reproductive cloning since it has numerous medical and ethical disadvantages. The American Medical Association holds four points of reason why cloning should not take place. ÃâÃ They are: 1) there are unknown physical harms introduced by cloning, 2) unknown psychosocial harms introduced by cloning, including violations of autonomy and privacy, 3) impacts on familial and societal relations, and 4) potential effects on the human gene poolRead More Banning Breed Specific Legislation Essay1488 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesfoolishly stereotype and judge individuals based on th eir race or appearance. One of the most recent victims of profiling is the pit bull. Simply looking like or being a pit bull gets many loving creatures falsely accused of being violent, uncontrollable monsters. Pit bulls are the major target of legislation that bans or restricts certain types of dogs based solely on appearance and stereotypes. Breed Specific Legislation (BSL) is a ban or restriction on certain types of dogs because they are perceivedRead MoreEvolving Perspectives On The Ethical Treatment Of Prisoners2129 Words Ã |Ã 9 PagesÃ¯ » ¿Ethical Treatment of Prisoners Figure 1 - Parwan Prison in Afghanistan (Wittet, 2010) Introduction The treatment of the prison population in the United States and around the world has reached a significant amount of salience in the press. Part of the reason that prisons and the treatment of prisoners has gain so much attention is there are extreme cases available in which governments have gone so far as to torture inmates in hopes of gaining intelligence information generally in regardsRead MoreBeing A Nurse And A Crucial Part Of The Health Care Field1891 Words Ã |Ã 8 Pagesposting a picture without consent violates ethical principle of patient privacy because you are putting your self-interest above the patientÃ¢â¬â¢s. The Privacy Rule imposes hefty fines and criminal charges to those who disclose identifiable health information to the public, this includes, oral, paper, or electronic forms. In 2013 a study was conducted to find out how many health professionals used social media and patient confidentiality was broken. The study consisted of 271 medical blogs written byRea d MoreThe Dark Knight Essay2112 Words Ã |Ã 9 PagesÃ¢â¬Å"IÃ¢â¬â¢m not a monster, IÃ¢â¬â¢m just ahead of the curve,Ã¢â¬ (The Dark Knight). Was it a madman, a genius, or a nerd who deserves credit for this discomforting quote? It doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t really matter because really, it applies to all three. This rather cynical quote from Heath Ledgers portrayal of the Joker in the Dark Knight is representative of the view that society has on those who dare to think a little offbeat. Just as the citizens of Gotham City are driven to fear by the corrupt and frequently sadistic moralityRead More Attack of the Cloning Regulations Essay2139 Words Ã |Ã 9 Pagesthey are mostly in the form of rebuttals of the points raised by the other side. A large dose of pathos comes up with most of the points seeing as how cloning is not just normal scientific research, it brings up questions of morality and what is ethical in the progress of science. Both sides of the issue tell stories of strong emotional appeal of the people that could be hurt or saved through the use of cloning techniques. These pathos appeals are mainly based on what-if scenarios and seem to beRead MoreAnalysis Of Vertus Hardiman s The Head : A Life Revealed 1779 Words Ã |Ã 8 Pagesradiation experiments, and the Tuskegee Study of Untreated Syphilis in African American male, common knowledge would dictate mistrust as a source for reluctance to get involved with Clinical trials. However current data available doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t support the notion of African Americans being less likely to participate in clinical research. Actually the opposite is true which may represent a change in attitude due to closing educational gaps. According to a recent study by a University of Florida group, African
Tuesday, May 5, 2020
Question: Discuss about the Workforce Planning Incorporating Skills. Answer: Introduction: According to (Armstrong, 2014 p89) workforce planning is a fundamental function of human resource administration and have relation to the systematic identification and analysis of what an association is going to need regarding the scope, type, involvement, knowledge, and abilities of its staff to achieve its purposes. It is a procedure used to create business intelligence to apprise the organization of the current, changeover and future impression of the external and internal situation of the team. Strategic staff planning conceals a three to five-year forecast pass, aligned to business desires and outcomes. Workforce planning is a vital aspect as it helps Human Resource Management being prepared rather than got surprised. Workforce planning is a systematic, fully combined organizational procedure involving proactively planning to avoid talent excesses or shortages. It is based on the evidence that a company can be operated more efficiently if it guesses its expertise requests as well as the actual quantity of talent that is or will be accessible (Armstrong Taylor 2014, p24). An organization needs workforce planning strategy as it chains the budgeting process. As it endures to grow more vigorous, other business frontrunners are likely to shadow the example set by their complements at higher-performing businesses and rely more on this embryonic resource to help fodder the budgeting progression. Also, it cares the strategic/business planning process. Tactical workforce planning is an entrenched part of the annual and multi-year occupational planning process. In consultation with main stakeholders of the limited, workforce plan is developed according to a setup process as explained below: Plan- Irrespective of how well established the company is, every real frontrunner has a business strategy. The best tactics are in an easily palatable format and fitting a three to five-year span. The second step is requirements- the Business plan should let dictate the necessities of positions and individuals that will support in achieving the overall scheme. Factually, mapping each post to plan and outline the essential skills, experience, and performances that someone, or a whole team, will need to flourish in a given starring role. Hire - Generate job descriptions that sketch required skills, experience, and behaviors and produce job ads that express to ideal candidates. Keeping job metaphors separate from the job advertisement is significant. Inspire Inspiring staffs in business should be enhanced for them to feel tenure, purpose, and conceit in their deeds and a pure considerate of how their role influences the overall vision delineated by the plan. Lastly in the process is results Choosing the key performance metrics that will aid in determining if one is on track. It is vital to sort sure inclusion of some metrics that give an intellect of how rich the corporation is doing from a cultural perspective as well. A secondary data strategy is used mostly in workforce plan preparations as it helps the current management in efficiently knowing about the norms of the organization employees. This type of data is less expensive as it requires no aspects like transport among other costs. In workforce planning in the organization, HR department is responsible for its accomplishment. However, the Shop Floor is more directly responsible because they are answerable for the whole processes of any Plant. HR unit plays an active character in this development of workforce but HR is directly operating under top administration, and it has to plan the labor force at the dominion of senior management. Human resource department should not administers or handle the workforce unswervingly by ephemeral of the Shop Floor because it will be an interference for the smooth operational (De Bruecker, Van den Bergh, Demeulemeester 2015, p 15). Hence, it is recommended that HR play a particular role and should overhear the shop floor personnel in definite Planning of Work Force. Hence I sense HR administers are the interruption in planning Work Force in any organization. Labor trends will affect demand for labor in Orocobre limited, as it will alter the labor demand needed by the management to operate at a given point. Employment trends change from one time to another due to a different reason, which in turn alters the demand for labor aspect (Van den Bergh et al., 2014). Orocobre demand a particular energy amount to operate depending on work amount needed accomplishment. When more people are available for employment, the company may decide to employ more staff to ensure they can give back to the community in a high degree. On the other side, when the trends of labor are small the company vary be affected as it will not get enough staffs to employ to accomplish the required task by the anticipated period. Policies to consider in the organization when undertaking workforce planning is an analytical approach that is vital as it provides a fact founded the method of understanding workforce manners. In the implementation of an efficient workforce, senior management team supposed to conduct a scan of the workstation environment to recognize and monitor drifts that affect the workers and the association as well. With worker detachment rising, applying employee engagement agendas to address preservation risk is becoming increasingly significant for companies that want to entice and retain top aptitude. References Armstrong, M., Taylor, S. (2014). Armstrong's handbook of human resource management practice. Kogan Page Publishers. De Bruecker, P., Van den Bergh, J., Belin, J., Demeulemeester, E. (2015). Workforce planning incorporating skills: State of the art. European Journal of Operational Research, 243(1), 1-16.
Sunday, April 19, 2020
Pablo NerudaÃ¢â¬â¢s United Fruit Company and Ode to the Americas Essay Pablo NerudaÃ¢â¬â¢s political poems are unlike his other poems because of his keen focus on social commitment and harsh realities of life. His language is simple and being a common man wrote for the common man. His work is greatly criticized because of his metaphorical references in his political poems unlike any other poems of his time. His political poem majorly intervenes the Neo-Imperialism in the US during the 19th century. He denigrates the corporation due to the greed experienced by Latin American people during that age. This essay focuses on the study of Ã¢â¬ËUnited Fruit CompanyÃ¢â¬â¢ and Ã¢â¬ËOde to AmericasÃ¢â¬â¢ political poems. Both the poems portray the major theme of economic and political greed in Latin America. This greed is impactful at a physical, mental and emotional scale. Pablo Neruda uses a metaphor to personify natural objects and objectify humans to illustrate physical and emotional state caused by greed. The Ã¢â¬ËOde of AmericasÃ¢â¬â¢ divides itself into a tripartite structure where there is the past, present, and future. The opening stanza of the ode reveals the positive and tranquil past in Latin America. The speakerÃ¢â¬â¢s use of Ã¢â¬Å"pure AmericasÃ¢â¬ shows NerudaÃ¢â¬â¢s strong feelings he has for his country. The word Ã¢â¬Å"intactÃ¢â¬ suggests that the imperialists had not scathed the country. The Ã¢â¬Å"ocean guardedÃ¢â¬ which kept it untouched. This is more or less a military metaphor. A dependency occurred between the people and nature is highlighted with the phrasesÃ¢â¬Å"shapers of pitchersÃ¢â¬ and Ã¢â¬Å"workers of stoneÃ¢â¬ . However Ã¢â¬Å"United Fruit CompanyÃ¢â¬ expresses at the start itself how greedy they were towards the Latin Americans. The phrase Ã¢â¬Å"Jehovah gave the world to Coca-Cola Inc., Anaconda, Ford MotorsÃ¢â¬ metaphorically means God chose to give the earth to these corrupted corporations instead of the common native peopl e or maintaining equality. The people stand powerless and suffer due to We will write a custom essay sample on Pablo NerudaÃ¢â¬â¢s United Fruit Company and Ode to the Americas specifically for you for only $16.38 $13.9/page Order now We will write a custom essay sample on Pablo NerudaÃ¢â¬â¢s United Fruit Company and Ode to the Americas specifically for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Hire Writer We will write a custom essay sample on Pablo NerudaÃ¢â¬â¢s United Fruit Company and Ode to the Americas specifically for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Hire Writer GodÃ¢â¬â¢s will. If nature is a creation of God
Sunday, March 15, 2020
Barrack Obama and race in politics and culture Introduction The United States is considered the most developed and sophisticated nation in the world due to its democratic institutions, culture and processes. However, very few people will recall the black days and events that engulfed this nation before and after the First World War.Advertising We will write a custom research paper sample on Barrack Obama and race in politics and culture specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Today, Barrack Obama is the president of this most powerful nation in the world and continues to face racial criticism despite efforts to integrate all races and adopt a non partisan approach in managing national issues (Remnick 7). This research paper explores the issue of president barrack Obama and race in politics and culture. Background America has evolved from a racist nation and is slowly embracing other cultures in its national issues. The most evident illustration of racism was when it used to allocate nati onal positions to whites while discriminating against other racial groups. It is clearly illustrated in how blacks and red Indians used to be treated unfairly not only in national issues but also those that involved intercultural relations (Harris 71). Very few Americans allowed their family members to interact with black and this was the epitome of racism. However, American presidents like Kennedy and Lincoln tried their best to integrate all communities to participate in national issues but this was not possible. This country had architects of racism who ensured non whites were never given opportunities to use facilities meant for the elites. Slavery was also another illustration of how Africans were treated by the whites who during that time thought that the African population was inferior and used them as cheap labor. This trade led to the migration of blacks from Africa to America and later they found their ways into suburbs. It was impossible to travel back to Africa since the y did not have enough money for air ticket. Secondly, it was impossible for them to board a train. This group became so agitated by the discrimination practiced by the whites. This was evident in schools, churches, public transport, churches, recreation facilities and employment (Feagin 109). The industrial revolution witnessed in America before the beginning of the First World War was an indicator that things were going to turn from bad to worse as the demand for equality and justice continued to gain momentum. Workers unions became very powerful instruments for demanding these rights and they led their members to demo0snbtrate to demand their rights and freedoms. It is important top explain that these demonstrations turned ugly when they took a racial turn.Advertising Looking for research paper on political sciences? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Africans and Asians were on the streets demanding the immediate inc lusion of their demands in national issues while the whites were also protesting and demanding that their country should be respected. It is important to understand d that this war turned from being a demonstration of workers to racial conformations where many blacks and whites were killed on the streets. In addition, the existing government used police brutality to silence hundreds of youths who were spearheading these demonstrations. Leaders of political p0arties affiliated to the black population and workers unions were detained for months following the chaos witnessed during these demonstrations. Capitalism was a principle adopted by the whites to oppress the poor in the society. This enabled the perpetrator5s to control the instruments of power that enabled them to amass huge wealth in terms of land, labor and money (Harris 41). The ideology continued to spread to other nations but was stopped by communism that was gaining ground in the Soviet Union. The first and second world wars were culminations of the pent up pressure among the whites and non whites. Even though, this war left many nations with serious injuries and losses they were necessary to create conditions for different nations and races to negotiate and discuss various issues that affected their members. Critics have claimed that these wars gave America opportunity to exercise justice and equality to its citizens and immigrants. Therefore, it was a necessary evil that could not have been avoided (Barrack 54). The end of these wars signified a new dawn for American democracy and paved way for peaceful demonstrations and negotiations between whites and non whites. However, politics became good ways of advancing racial interests as is evident in the legislations that barred non whites from engaging in active politics or holding public offices. The Obama presidency has been praised for respecting the rule of justice and equality by ensuring all Americans irrespective of their races are able to acc ess these rights without restrictions. However, this has not been the case due to a number of factors. First, the American population that constitutes a large population of the whites is very conservative. Even though, Obama continues to urge them to adopt racial integration his efforts are more of public shows that commitments to fight racism. There is no doubt that there are many issues usually swept under the carpet when it comes to American politics. Race is a significant factor that guides voting among the American population. The main issue of concern here is that even though many non whites are vying for elective seats very few of them manage to win these positions and this is an indication that the American population is still clinging to the old tradition of preferring whites to blacks when it comes to nation al and leadership issues.Advertising We will write a custom research paper sample on Barrack Obama and race in politics and culture specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Research Objectives The objective of this paper is to identify and illustrate the following issues that play key roles in determining the future of politics in America. First, the American population is perceived to have adopted a non racist culture basing on the fact that it voted for president Obama in the last two general elections. Seco0ndly, this paper examines the impacts of a black American president on the institutions and culture of the United States. Lastly, this paper will outline the recommendations for ensuring that the American government, politics and culture adopts a non racist approach in its social, economic and political affairs. Research Questions This paper will answer the following questions that will help the audience to examine the role of racism in politics and cultural practices. The following questions will guide this paper in examining these issues. What is the role of racism in American politics? What aspe cts promote racism in American politics and culture? What role has president Obama played in promoting and eliminating racism? What are the effects of racism in politics and culture? What steps should the American government take to avert racism? Literature Review The Substance of Hope, Barrack Obama and the Paradox of Progress by William Jellani Cobb William Jellani Cobb criticizes the Obama presidency for openly advocating for racial progress that would allow all races to play active roles in American politics. He focuses his discussion on ObamaÃ¢â¬â¢s punch line Ã¢â¬Å"hopeÃ¢â¬ that marked all his pre-election speeches. The writer argues that Obama used this word to create false optimism and cheated the American population and the world that he was the messiah for them. This word became a song to all non whites and motivated them to show up in large numbers during voting. Private organizations and well wishers from the non white populations became very loyal and philanthrop ic to ObamaÃ¢â¬â¢s campaign to ensure they transform the politics of this country. However, their efforts are yet to bear fruits since ObamaÃ¢â¬â¢s presidency has almost every thing in common with the Bush regime. This author is convinced that the Obama presidency has a good opportunity to transform the politics of the United States but has failed to do so. He argues that most non whites that are elected into office are those located in areas that have a huge black population. This means that racism continues to thrive in American culture and is evident i9n political activities. The Health Care Reform and American Politics, What Everyone Needs to Know By Lawrence Jacobs Jacobs Lawrence argues that Obama has helped the American government in dealing with racial challenges. However, the challenges he is experiences are to blame for his slow response to racial; issues. This author argues that most non whites face serious health challenges that expose them to diseases and poor servi ces from private healthcare institutions. However, president Obama is trying very hard to make sure that all poor Americans access quality healthcare services through reforming all bills related to healthcare.Advertising Looking for research paper on political sciences? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More In addition, this author claims that most non whites are mistreated at their places of work by being underpaid and subjected to poor working conditions. Therefore, president Obama is ensuring that the senate adopts the recommendations to amend all bills regarding minimum wages to allow workers in informal and formal employments to get salaries that will sustain them. In addition, the president is encouraging many youths and no whites to play active roles of ensuring that they participate in civic processes. These are some of the issues that show how Obama is committed to transforming the racist culture that existed in America for many years. A Day Late and a Dollar Short, High Hopes and Deferred Dreams in ObamaÃ¢â¬â¢s Ã¢â¬Å"Post-RacialÃ¢â¬ America by Jon Jeter and Robert E. Pierre These authors hold the same view with many critics of the Obama presidency by arguing that what president Obama is doing is too little to help his country manage the problem of racism. Even though, t hey recognize the efforts being done to com bat terrorism they argue that these steps are too slow and cannot be managed by the current financial position of this country. Their claim is based on the poor financial performance of the united tastes government that have exposed it to damaging allegations of racism. They present that president Obama continued to finance American troop-s to fight the Arab nation by investing in drones and other military equipment, training and staffing to ensure America wins the war. These authors identify the war on Iraq and Afghanistan as serious racial challenges facing ObamaÃ¢â¬â¢s presidency. They proposed that he should have distanced himself from perpetuating the evils advanced by the former president Bush. In addition, they argue that Obama has not helped African or Arab nations to develop their economies but instead he has used a lot of American funds to travel to countries that will help his government to develop its economies. This is capit alism that depicts racial practices that were witnessed before and after the First World War. The American government perpetuated racism by dominating other countries and fighting cold wars with those that opposed it or seemed to give it competition in terms of dominating in world affairs. These authors argues that the war going on in Iraq and Afghanistan have nothing to do with terrorism but are aimed at silencing these nations against developing strong ties with the rest of the world since this will be as serious challenge to America. Effects of Race on Barrack ObamaÃ¢â¬â¢s Presidency Politics Politics play central roles in determining various activities of a nation since it establishes guidelines that regulate the allocation of national resources and the provision of services to the population. The United States has a sophisticated political system that ensures the government is representative of all communities and regions in the United States. It has two houses that work toge ther to ensure the country adopts policies that will develop its institutions, infrastructure and promote the well being of its citizens (Kennedy 43). However, racism had become a serious threat to the exustabce4 of cordial relations between America and its trading partners and this forced the American government to adopt ways of managing this issue. It is important to state that political analysts had predicted a win for president Obama based on the following issues. The Bush regime had exposed the American government to criticism on its role to eliminate international terrorism. Even though, it had suffered numerous terrorist attacks it had no obligation to commit heinous crimes against innocent civilians in Afghanistan and Iraq. The constitution did not give Bush any power to invade another country no matter the seriousness of the crimes committed by some of the people from that nation. Therefore, this exposed this government to international criticism and there were fears that i f this trend would have continued many nations would have broken their ties with America. As a result, Obama used this criticism as a campaign platform to give people hope that he will stop the war on Afghanistan to ensure the world gains confidence on the American administration. People were frustrated the way Bush used a lot of money to finance and develop equipment, train soldiers and finance these wars at the expense of the high inflation rates in America (Tesler and Sears 69). Therefore, they admired the manifesto presented by Obama that would ensure the culture of racism will be eliminated and funds will be directed to development projects and provision of goof healthcare services to the population. However, this was not achieved within the first term of president Obama in office and even though he was granted a second term there is a lot to be done to ensure that American government desists from engaging in racial practices. Therefore, this was a chance for Americans to prove that they are not racist and would not advocate for it in their election process (Kinder and Riddle 33). However, the election and subsequent re-election of president Obama is just a public show to prove to the world that this nation has adopted non racial approaches to politics. Even though, president Obama claims to be a black American his cultural beliefs are strongly based on the American culture exhibited by the whites. There is no difference between him and the whites since they all have perpetuated class differences based on racial practices. Therefore, it is necessary to explain that Obama is black in appearance but white in al his political and cultural activities. This is evident in his recent proposal regarding the minimum wage that workers should earn. This policy is meant to increase the salaries of many non whites working in various places but the irony of this provision is that this will also raise taxes levied on their salaries. Most nations are struggling to reduce their expenses on recurrent bills like salaries and wages of public servants though different financial plans. Obama knows that the United States is experiencing the worst financial performance since the end of the Second World War and should not engage in activities or plans that will force the country to incur unnecessary budgets. Therefore, his proposal to increase minimum wages is just a populist approach to persuade the government that he is taking care of all racial groups in America. It should be understood that most people earning low salaries are black Americans, Indian and Asians who went to America through slave trade are have migrated there in the recent years. In addition, most of them cannot afford health insurance schemes that will safeguard their health; therefore, he has come up with a proposal for cheap medical services. These are populist approaches used to hoodwink the non white population that Obama will solve their problems (Alim 77). Therefore, they are perce ived to be gullible and cannot reason that America cannot afford to increase salaries and provide cheap medical suffices during this time. Critics have argued that this nation is suffering serious challenges associated with unemployment which stands at about 30% among the educated and 40% among those that have not attained university or college degrees. Therefore, it is going to be extremely difficult to raise salaries yet there are no jobs for the poor in the society. This means that the cost of living will increase and force the poor and jobless to seek other alternatives of survival. Therefore, they argue that ObamaÃ¢â¬â¢s presidency will not achieve any good results in its fight against racism but instead it has established other precincts for perpetuating racial practices through populist declarations and policies that will have serious consequences on those that earn low salaries. Barrack Obama is the only president who gave Americans (whites and blacks) hope that they will live a better life free from economic, social and political challenges. However, this has proved to be a hard nut to crack especially with the many challenges facing his government, the congress has become partisan in moist affairs and this has affected the realization of the dreams of the American population. Many people had hoped that Obama was going to revolutionize politics of racism and ensure that everybody was involved in his government. In addition, people had hoped that there would be many employment opportunities and many people will invest in various sectors of the economy however, these were just mere dreams that could not be realized no matter how hard they struggled to make it to be reality. Financial institutions and other money lending organizations still have the culture of evaluating g the ability of clients to repay their loans based on their race. Therefore, they make it easy for whites to access loan facilities and deny the blacks these chances. Even though, the media has played significant roles in promoting ethical practices in various professions it has failed to highlight the problems non whites experience while applying for bank loan (Pierre and Jeter 108). In addition, housing continues to be a major problem in the American government as tenants are allowed to occupy houses depending on their racial backgrounds. This has promoted social stratifications and even though racial schools were banned teachers continue to express racial sentiments through punishments given to students. Racism is associated with discriminations and exploitation of the race perceived to be inferi0or and schools are slowly embracing cultural integration. However, this is not associated with prescient Obama but withy the modern trends that require people to interact irrespective of their racial backgrounds. Moreover, it is necessary to note that Americans have been forced to embrace racial integration as a necessity and not a deliberate step towards abolishing racial practices. This means that Obama has played a minor role in promoting good relations among different races. The media played a significant role of tracing the origin of Obama and his family lineage that associates him with the Luo community in Kenya. However, since his election to presidency he has never toured Kenya even though this country continues to face serious challenges in terms of poverty, corruption and political wrangles (Cobb 23). The best he does is issues public statements (video records) that en courage Kenyans to be patriotic and embrace nationhood. However, critics have clai9med that these are reflections that he may be feeling guilty and ashamed of his color; something that has not gone down well with his ancestral kinsmen. The fact that he has never visited Kenya and there is no likelihood that he will do so makes critics to predict that he does not have any good intentions for Africans. In addition, he has focused a lot of his attention o the war in Iraq s ince his inauguration into office. This means that he is not different from his predecessors who wanted to show the world that America is a super power and cannot be challenged by any nation. The Indian tigers and Chinese are getting many contracts in African countries and this is giving Obama sleepless nights. This means that soon they will take over most contracts that were awarded to America and leave America with weak ties. This will reduce its influence on African countries and the rest of the world. As a result china will gain more political and economic power which is serious threats to ObamaÃ¢â¬â¢s administration. Therefore, he is working very hard to ensure that America remains the most influential nation in the world by cutting tiers with nations that support china. In addition, Obama, though the congress is establish plans to contain chinaÃ¢â¬â¢s influence on other countries by supporting the enemies of china and putting sanctions on nations perceived to be supporting this country (Fiona 32). However, critics have argued that if Obama continues to steer his government to oppose chinaÃ¢â¬â¢s invasion in international market this will interfere with the economy of America and expose it to many challenges. However, Obama, just like his predecessors cannot sit and watch other nations magnify their influence. He is using all his powers to ensure that China does not spread its influence to its key partners through establishing strict policies that will limit ChinaÃ¢â¬â¢s abilities to invest in some countries. The congress has become very partisan and advanced ObamaÃ¢â¬â¢s ideologies that am4erica will continue to be the world super power. The legislations passed in parliament ensure that America continues to interfere in the affairs of other nations while it resists any interference by other nations in its affairs. It is necessary to explain that the Bush and Obama adnministrat6ion have very much in common regarding international affairs. There are many sanctions and restrictions placed on third world countries compared to how America relates with developed nations. Obama perceives America as the only nation that can manipulate international bodies like the IMF and World Bank to ensure those that accept its policies are able to participate in international affair. Recently, Obama commented that Kenya will face international restrictions if Kenyans elect International Criminal Court suspects into office in their 2013 general elections. The irony of his statement is that America is not a signatory to the Rome statute yet it continues to urge other countries to respect the institution. Political analysts have claimed that Obama has used this institution to undermine the sovereignty o f third world countries. The terrorist attacks on various organs of the American government exposed Americans to serious threats. This forced it to issue travel advisory to many nations as an attempt to fight terrorism and keep its citizens safe from terrorist attacks. However, the biggest challenge to Obama is that if he is seriously committed to eradicate terrorism he should not warn his citizens against travelling to nations that are prone to terrorist attacks; instead, he should help these nations to stop these activities. However, his leadership is associated with racial undertones since he seems to care very much about Americans more than any other people min the world. Bush had subjected this country to animosity with Arab nations and this was a serious threat to American tourist, investors and students that visited other nations. Therefore, Obama was elected as president of America to deceive the worlds that America has now embraced racial integration and that all nations should perceive America as a friendly nation. Therefore, Obama has not been very active in fighting racial differences in the American culture. His political ideologies are based on the activities of his predecessor and even though most people asso ciate him with an African ancestral origin this has no impact on his presidency (Jacobs and Skocpol 51). It is important to understand that he has lived in America all his life and has interacted with Americans on various political and social events. For that reason, he knows all aspects of racial and political discrimination affecting Americans. However, his failure to address these issues makes him a racist president and exposes him to criticism from political analysis and other nations. Therefore, he has failed to promote racial integration among different races in America. Recommendations President Obama has a good opportunity of transforming the political; and cultural practices of America by showing the world that he abhors racism. He can do the following issues to ensure America is a non resist country. First, he should encourage the senate to be non partisan in its affairs to show the public that this house is committed to ensuring the lives of Americans are improved. The se nate has always taken sides with the incumbent president or with a political view that seems to favor the opposing side. This has made members of parliament to advance their interests and ignore their commitment to improve the economy and life of Americans. Secondly, he should adopt a divergent approach to national issues and avoid issuing public statements for the sake of it. His recent declaration that America will ensure the minimum wage for low income earners will be increased has been mate with mixed reactions. Some critics argue that this statement is meant to hoodwink the majority who are poor to believe that their welfare will be improved while others perceive this as a way of raising revenue to finance the huge budget that is straining its economy. However, they claim that he should not make statements that will not help his political life since his performance will be evaluated in these issues. In addition, Obama has a good opportunity to develop the economy of America if he focuses on issues that affect Americans and stops wasting national resources on unnecessary activities like investing in drones. America has pother serious challenges like poor healthcare services, unemployment, drugs and inflation and this should be given first priority by his government. Therefore, he has options to choose from but he should know that Americans and the rest of the world will evaluate his performance depending on how he manages issues related to politics and racism. Conclusion Racism is a long term problem that has continued to face America since the beginning of slave trade. Even though, this trade was abolished in the beginning of the 21st century it continues to thrive underground. American politics is largely influenced by international relations and developments and this makes it to lack polit5icalk plans to develop its infrastructure and institutions. President Obama has a good opportunity to prove his critics wrong by embracing racial integration and prac ticing politics that will benefit Americans and immigrants. Alim, Sammy. Articulate While Black, Barrack Obama Language, and Race in theÃ United States. New Jersey: Prentice Hall, 2009. Print. Barrack, Obama. Dreams from My Father, a Story of Race and Inheritance. New York: Wiley, 2011. Print. Cobb, William. The Substance of Hope, Barrack Obama and Paradox of Progress. New York: Wiley, 2011. Print. Feagin, Joe and Harvey Winfield. Yes We Can? White Racial Farming and the 2008Ã Presidential Campaign. New York: McGraw-Hill, 2010. Print. Fiona, Morris. Culture War: The Myth of a Polarized America. New York: McGraw-Hill, 2010. Print. Harris, Frederick. The Price of the Ticket, Barrack Obama and the Rise and Decline ofÃ Black Politics. New York: Wiley, 2011. Print. Jacobs, Lawrence and Theda Skocpol. The Health Care Reform and American Politics,Ã What everyone needs To Know. New Jersey: Prentice Hall, 2009. Print. Kennedy, Randall. The Persistence of the Color Line, Racial Polit ics and the ObamaÃ Presidency. New York: Wiley, 2011. Print. Kinder, Donald and Allison Riddle. The End of Race. New York: Wiley, 2011. Print. Pierre, Robert and Jon Jeter. A Day Late and a Dollar Short, High Hopes and DeferredÃ Dreams in ObamaÃ¢â¬â¢s Post Racial America. New York: McGraw-Hill, 2010. Print. Remnick, David. The Bridge, the Life and Rise of Barrack Obama. New York: McGraw Hill, 2010. Print. Tesler, Michael and David Sears. ObamaÃ¢â¬â¢s Race: The 2008 Election and the Dream ofÃ A Post-Racial America. New York: McGraw-Hill, 2010. Print.
Thursday, February 27, 2020
Discuss the role of wisdom in true virtue according to Meno and the Phaedo - Essay Example d therefore she abstains from bodily pleasures-not from a desire of having more or greater ones, but because she knows that only when calm and free from the dominion of the body can she behold the light of truth.Ã¢â¬ (Plato (b)10) A unique concept of good and evil is put forward in Phaedo. The author discounts courageous acts if they are performed to avoid bigger dangers. Similarly, author plays down temperate behavior if there is an accompanying desire to achieve sensual pleasures because of such temperance (Plato (b) 7). Phaedo propagates the idea of life beyond death by distinguishing between body and soul and how virtues applied wisely can lead to liberation of soul. In Meno, Socrates is referred pondering over the question what can be considered the goods of the soul. According to Socrates, they are Ã¢â¬Ëtemperance,Ã¢â¬â¢ Ã¢â¬Ëjustice,Ã¢â¬â¢ Ã¢â¬Ëcourage,Ã¢â¬â¢ Ã¢â¬Ëquickness of apprehension,Ã¢â¬â¢ Ã¢â¬Ëmemory,Ã¢â¬â¢ Ã¢â¬ËmagnanimityÃ¢â¬â¢, and the lik e. Interesting to note is the observation that such good qualities are not knowledge, but of Ã¢â¬Ëanother sortÃ¢â¬â¢. They are sometimes Ã¢â¬ËprofitableÃ¢â¬â¢ and sometimes Ã¢â¬ËhurtfulÃ¢â¬â¢. Socrates says that when a man has no sense he is hurt by courage, and when man applies courage with sense, he is profited. Socrates opines that the same logic of applying sense can be stretched to other good qualities like Ã¢â¬ËtemperanceÃ¢â¬â¢ and Ã¢â¬Ëquickness of apprehensionÃ¢â¬â¢. Socrates remarks that activities learned or done with the application of sense are Ã¢â¬Ëprofitable,Ã¢â¬â¢ without sense are Ã¢â¬Ëhurtful.Ã¢â¬â¢ (Plato (a) 37) Socrates holds forth that all efforts and endurance under the supervision of wisdom have a happy ending and under the influence of folly, the opposite. Taking forward his argument, Socrates examines that if Ã¢â¬ËvirtueÃ¢â¬â¢ is a characteristic of soul and is... In Phaedo, it is contended that when alive, the soul should try to control pleasures related with the sense organs and body in which it is rebuked to be animate and from which it seeks to liberate itself.Phaedo makes distinction between souls that are not liberated. Some who are used to Ã¢â¬ËviolenceÃ¢â¬â¢ and Ã¢â¬Ëextreme sensualityÃ¢â¬â¢ takes the form of likes of an Ã¢â¬ËassÃ¢â¬â¢ orÃ¢â¬â¢ wolf.Ã¢â¬â¢ However, for someone seeking liberation, even such gentle forms making eligible for some earthly happiness is not acceptable.A unique concept of good and evil is put forward in Phaedo. The author discounts courageous acts if they are performed to avoid bigger dangers. Socrates in Meno contends that after deep thought, he has come to a believe there are perhaps no teachers of virtue. According to Socrates those who want to learn any skill takes course to a teacher who is expert in that field. If one wants to learn flute playing, one takes recourse to a teacher who is expert in flute playing. In Meno, it is argued that true opinion is as good a model to rectify action as knowledge. Socrates makes a distinction between knowledge and opinion by giving an example that if someone knows the location of Larisa and leads other people to Larisa, then he is a good guide.Also, if a person has a right judgment about the means, but had never been to Larisa (the destination to be reached) should also be a good guide.
Tuesday, February 11, 2020
Journal - Essay Example Conflict arises in determining the option to undertake without jeopardizing the business. This kind of conflict is easily resolved since the scales of decision are easily tipped towards one of the choices. Leaders faced with negative choices experience avoidance-avoidance conflict. Both choices have negative outcomes and the individual has to settle for the less burdening option. Leaders can be attracted to, and repelled by traits present in the same activity or goal. A business opportunity may have huge profits, but involves big risks that can destroy the business. This scenario introduces approach-avoidance conflict where the choices are both attractive and repelling. The huge profits present a positive choice while risks are repelling aspects of the investment opportunity. This creates the need for calculated risks that can provide the most plausible solution to the conflict. The feelings present to the leader can act as an avenue to resolve the conflict. Another form of conflict arises when the choices available are partially negative and partially positive. This form of conflict is referred to as double approach-avoidance conflict due to the partial positive and negative aspects of the choices. A graduate may have to choose between a well paying job with odd working hours and a low paying job with good working conditions. Individuals faced with such conflicts have to weigh the available options and try out important decisions before reaching a conclusion. Leadership as Empowering Others Executives in an organization are better placed as leaders rather than managers. Executives have the responsibility of making strategic decisions that affect the organization in the long term. This involves creating strategies, analysis, policies, evaluation, and planning that determine the future of the organization. These leaders act as visionaries in the organization and are responsible for inspiring their juniors. For instance, the CEO of a company has to inspire junior executives as a way of grooming the next CEO and transforming them to conform to the vision of the organization. Transformational leaders introduce changes to the organization that help the organization achieve the laid out goals. Transformational leaders convert followers into leaders by playing the role of moral agents that provide inspiration. Transactional leaders emphasize teamwork, task accomplishment, and problem solving as a way of working with others for a common goal. Leaders stimulate their subordinates by proposing new directions that the followers have never experienced. This form of empowerment comes in form of new exciting intellectual ideas that energize the followers. For instance a leader can encourage and stimulate subordinates to create new inventions. This empowers subordinates to become creative and participate in decision making processes that lay out future goals for the organization. This helps them climb the leadership ladder and prepares them to make cruc ial decisions in the organization. Emotional intelligence Emotional intelligence (EI) can be utilized to foster competitive advantage and profitability. Leaders require the ability to perceive and generate emotions in the thought process and regulate their emotions to promote intellectual growth. EI has become a paramount requirement for top executives for effective leadership and performance. Effective use of EI provides